A datacenter is an integrated repository either physical or virtual to store, manage & disseminate, inform which is organized around a defined body of knowledge or pertaining to a particular business.
With the increased pace of Internet services in recent years, the demand for datacenters has grown rapidly. As the number of datacenters grows, so does the demand for energy. A typical datacenter consumes 100 times more power than an office of similar size. The capacity to build a data center hardware and software environment that ensures continuously stable operations, while reducing energy consumption, has become an urgent priority.
Thus the future technologies focus more towards building green datacenters that use less energy.
The world of business is moving at an incredible speed to match the overwhelming demand for the information. The business requirement is constantly enhancing and changing, and thus many companies rely on datacenters since they play an essential role in IT specifications.
Datacenters are a lot more than just a safe and secure facility with space that is equipped with reliable power, and network. Many businesses consider them as a valuable asset since they are a dependable extension for IT structure. Thus datacenters in modern businesses are increasingly becoming an essential factor for success.
A Datacenter can be understood as a facility that integrates components like servers, communication media, and data storage facilities. Besides, it also has elements that are necessary to function a datacenter like power supply, backup systems, redundant communication connection, HVAC systems, security devices etc. It’s an evident hardware solution where every resource is present locally at access typically run and functioned in-house.
Whereas a Cloud is a virtual infrastructure accessed or delivered through a local network or accessing the remote location with help of internet. Depending upon the user’s requirement, the cloud services can be accessed through pay per use basis or a dedicated resource. The user can access various services like computing resources, networking services, and storage within this environment, which can be accessed on-demand without the presence of physical infrastructure. It is an Off-premise form of computing that can be accessed from the internet.
Data Center can be classified under the following categories: –
These are designed, owned, and operated by enterprises and are optimized for end-users. In most of the scenarios, they are placed on the corporate campus.
Managed services datacenters
Such data centers are operated and managed by a third party on behalf of the company. Instead of buying, they lease the equipment and infrastructure.
Colocation Datacenters consist of one data center owner renting spaces to a different company. The colocation data center takes charge of the infrastructure–building, cooling, bandwidth, security, etc. while the components are being provided and managed by the company, including servers, storage, and firewalls.
In this off-premises form of the data center, data and applications are managed by virtual infrastructures and hosted by cloud services providers.
Datacenter networking is a method of establishing and interconnecting the complete physical and network-based devices and tools within a data center facility.
It facilitates a digital connection between data center infrastructure and equipment to ensure smooth communication and transfer of data between each other and on an external network or the Internet.
Datacenter standards helps to evaluate the quality and reliability of a data center’s server hosting ability. The nature of the business determines which standards are suitable for the facilities. The key is to choose the appropriate standard and follow it. In case deviation are required due to site limitations, financial limitations, or availability limitations, it essential to be documented and accepted by stakeholders of the facility. Documentation and keeping a record of the operations is one of the most important aspects of the process.
Datacenter has four primary components: –
White space: It refers to the space for the IT equipment placement and measured in square feet (anyplace from a few hundred to a hundred thousand square feet). For data centers that are not using a raised floor environment, the term “white space” can still be used to display usable square footage.
Support infrastructure: This denotes the additional space and equipment required to support data center operations, including power transformers, UPS, generators, computer room air conditioners (CRACs), and remote transmission units (RTUs), chillers, air distribution systems, etc. In the high-density Tier 3 class data center (i.e., a concurrently maintainable facility), the support infrastructure can demand 4-6 times more space than the white space and must be taken into consideration during the planning process.
IT equipment: This comprises of the racks, cabling, servers, storage, management systems, and network gear essential to deliver the computing services to the enterprise.
Operations: The operations staff ensures that the systems (both IT and infrastructure) are appropriately operated, maintained, upgraded, and repaired when required. In most companies, a dedicated division is responsible for the facilities support systems between the Technical Operations group in IT and the staff.
The following are the top attributes of successful Data Center.
Efficiency in Space and Capacity Planning
A good data center is designed to achieve optimal density; they use virtualization technology, offering the most compute, storage, and networking power with the minimum footprint.
Scalability is vital in many industries, including IT. Data centers should provide a flexible infrastructure that has the competence to effortlessly support simple and quick upgrades and sustain rapid growth in performance.
Appropriate cooling infrastructure can make a big difference in a data center’s energy efficiency. Though various methods are used in data centers worldwide, hot aisle/cold aisle architecture reduces energy consumption regarding cooling, provides the capacity to pack equipment together with more densely and increases the components’ life in racks by ensuring inlet air temperatures is within limits.
Documentation, Planning, and Procedures
Successful data centers have well-documented methods and procedures as well as activity monitoring and controls to ensure policies are followed.
Well-documented methods and procedures also play a vital role in ensuring the multi-level security of mission-critical facilities with the prevention of unauthorized access.